Nour Bahaa, Mai Mahmoud, Ibrahim Fawzy, Abanoub George, Supervised by: Dr. Khaled Hussein Eng. Nour El-Huda Ashraf
November 14, 2020.
In the past centuries, Wheat planting has been deteriorated due to the growing of Wild Oat ( Avena Fatua ) plant and rust disease with it which on expansion do reduce the wheat production by 93% for every square-meter. Although it’s going to be hard to differentiate between the two plants, we will detect both wild oats and rust in wheat by using image processing and deep learning at the beginning of the farming process, to decrease their appearance. Thus, if the farmer didn’t recognize wild oats within the first 30 days of growing with the Wheat, it kills the crop and spread about 100 to 150 of the Oats seeds. Hence, detection in the early stages is a must. Pervasion in wheat fields can diminish yield by as much as 80%. Our target is to differentiate between both wild oat and wheat and decreasing rust disease.
It is important to protect the wealth of each crop to protect its quality and quantity, if they are using it for themselves or using it for profit from other countries and increasing their economic life style. Wild oat harm more than 3/4 from the crop as it prey on the food and water of the wheat plant :therefore, Wild Oats grow faster, longer, and healthier than wheat. It looks similar to the Wheat’s color and shape ;thus, it is hard to be detected without a professional farmer’s eyes as shown in . If Wild Oats has been spread in the soil, it will harm not only the Wheat plant but also the soil, as it stays in it from seven to eight years years according to the soil condition. Rust disease occurs each year, in Egypt and many other countries, by the occur due to the weather condition. Rust affect wheat in different places, as it does have different kinds and effects. There are three types yellow rust, which appear in the stripe, orange rust, which appear in in the leaf, and black rust, which appear in the steam.
The yearly expense to the wheat industry of wild oats during 1999 was assessed to be $80 million, with $60 million being spent on herbicides and their application and $20 million in lost yield. Wild oats are exceptionally serious and when left uncontrolled, can diminish wheat yields by up to 80 %. Most noteworthy yield misfortune happens when the plants develop simultaneously as the harvest. They produce an enormous number of seeds and up to 20 000 seeds/m2 can be created by uncontrolled pervasion. Wild oats maintain a strategic distance from early herbicide applications as an extent of the seeds develop later than the yield. In United State, Wild oat goes after light, dampness and soil supplements, which straightforwardly diminish crop yields.
1.3 Problem Statement
Wild Oats grow with the Wheat in the same time with their slight difference in appearance of their color and shape ,which make it difficult to detect them from each other. One of the main challenges that are facing is that Wild Oat data set isn’t available online. As for rust disease, we have to differentiate between the three types of rust in their different parts of the wheat plant , to measure the strength and the wind speed we predict whether this wind contain rust or not , and to monitor the weather condition. There are several problems that our aim is to solve. Our aim is to reduce the number of Wild Oats and rust in the Wheat to get high quality of wheat, increase the weight of crop each year, improve the quality and quantity of the Wheat, increase the gain of the farmer, minimize the farmer work to recognize the wild oats in the land, and cut off the usage of the chemicals that kills the Wild Oats but bring off the quality of the Wheat.